Shipping in Changing Climates
The Shipping in Changing Climates project was an EPSRC funded project running from November 2013 to April 2017. The aim of the project was to create an enduring and multidisciplinary research community strongly linked to industry and capable of informing the policy-making process by developing new knowledge and understanding on the subject of the shipping system, its energy efficiency and emissions, and its transition to a low carbon future.
The work of the consortium was structured into three key themes:
Theme 1: Understanding the scope for greater energy efficiency on the transport’s supply side – the ship as a system.
Theme 2: Understanding demand side drivers and trends – trade and transport demand.
Theme 3: Understanding supply/demand interactions – transition and evolution of the shipping system.
Shipping in Changing Climates was funded by UKRI, hosted by UCL and partnered with the University of Southampton, Newcastle University, the University of Manchester, the University of Strathclyde, Shell, Lloyd’s Register, Rolls Royce, BMT Group, and Maritime Strategy International.
Low Carbon Shipping
Low Carbon Shipping – A Systems Approach, was a research project that started in January 2010 and ended in June 2013 funded by the UK Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (£1.7m) and a number of industry partners.
In addition to the research that was undertaken at the five universities including University College London, Newcastle University, University of Strathclyde, University of Hull and University of Plymouth, the project was supported by substantial in-house research and data from the consortium members from industry, NGO and government departments, including Shell, Maersk, Rolls Royce, BMT and Lloyds Register.
Low Carbon Shipping was funded by UKRI, hosted by UCL and partnered with the University of Plymouth, Newcastle University, the University of Hull, the University of Strathclyde, Shell, Lloyd’s Register, Rolls Royce, and BMT Group.
Canning (2017) Industry views on the scope for carbon emissions reduction
Gibson et al (2017) A novel approach for holistic environmental assessment of ships
Traut et al. (2016) Report from the lookout – understanding climate change impacts on shipping
Rehmatulla & Smith (2015) CO2 emission targets for shipping
Smith et al. (2014) Third IMO GHG Study 2014 – Final Report
Smith et al. (2014) Low Carbon Shipping – A Systems Approach Executive Summary
Smith et al. (2014) Low Carbon Shipping – A Systems Approach – Full report
Bows-Larkin et al. (2014) High seas, High Stakes
Smith et al. (2013) What is a fair measurement and apportionment scheme?
Walsh et al. (2013) A comparison of alternative decarbonisation scenarios for UK shipping
Mander et al. (2012) Decarbonising the UK energy system and the implications for UK shipping, Carbon Management, 3, 6, 601-614. Peer Reviewed Paper.
Bows-Larkin, A. (2015) Shipping charts a high carbon course – Carbon Management 2015. Peer Reviewed Paper.
Haji et al. (2015) Policy implications of meeting the 2°C climate target
Traut et al. (2015) Risk, rice and rising seas – Impacts of climate change on maritime transport
Bows-Larkin, A. (2014) All adrift: aviation, shipping, and climate change policy – Climate Policy. Peer reviewed paper.
Kotrikla et al. (2014) Air pollutant emissions at Aegean island port
Newell et al. (2014) Turning the tide: the need for sustainable sea transport in the Pacific
Bichou (2013) Achieving environmental security in shipping and ports
Bows-Larkin (2013) Pathways to low-carbon international transport: A comparison of shipping and aviation
Anderson & Bows (2012) Executing a Scharnow turn: reconciling shipping emissions with international commitments on climate change, Carbon Management, 3, 6, 615-628. Peer Reviewed Paper.
Bows & Smith (2012) The (low-carbon) shipping forecast: opportunities on the high seas, Carbon Management, 3 (6), 525 – 528. Peer Reviewed Paper.
Gilbert & Bows (2012) Exploring the scope for complimentary sub-global policy to mitigate CO2 from shipping, Energy Policy, 50, 613-622. Peer Reviewed Paper.
Rigot-Muller et al. (2012) Mapping UK international seaborne trade and traffic
Rigot-Muller et al. (2012) Assessing emissions of UK international maritime traffic
Smith & O’Keefe (2012) What is an appropriate measurement and apportionment strategy for international shipping?
Walsh et al (2017) Global trade scenarios some lessons from regional case studies
Prakash et al. (2016) Revealed preferences for energy efficiency in shipping markets
Agnolucci et al. (2015) Shipping demand scenarios using estimated elasticities
Andersson & Brynolf (2015) Marine fuel alternatives for a low carbon future – Market influence on pathways selected
Rehmatulla & Smith (2015) Barriers to energy efficiency in shipping: A triangulated approach to investigate the principal agent problem, Energy Policy, 84, 44-57. Peer Reviewed Paper.
Rehmatulla et al. (2015) The diffusion of energy efficiency technologies in shipping
Rehmatulla (2014) Market failures and barriers affecting energy efficient operations in shipping PhD Thesis
Landamore & Dinwoodie (2013) What is the likely future demand for shipping?
Parker (2013) Matching on the tanker market
Rehmatulla et al. (2013) Implementation barriers to low carbon shipping
Dinwoodie et al. (2012) Oil tanker flows involving the UK to 2050: A Delphi survey
Landamore & Dinwoodie (2012) What is the future demand for shipping?
Rehmatulla (2012) Barriers to uptake of operational measures
Rehmatulla & Smith (2012) Implementation barriers to low carbon shipping
Kosmas & Acciaro (2016) Bunker levy schemes and their impact on the competitiveness of short sea shipping
Kosmas & Acciaro (2015) Bunker levy schemes for GHG emission reduction in international shipping
Hosseinloo et al. (2014) Bridging the shipping gap: 2 degrees pathways and carbon pricing
Sekkesaeter (2017) How big data can make shipping greener
Mitchell & Rehmatulla (2015) Dead in the water: An analysis of industry practices and perceptions on vessel efficiency and stranded assets
Smith et al. (2015) Stranded assets and the shipping industry
Stulgis et al. (2014) Hidden treasure: Financial models for retrofits
Kohler & Senger (2012) An agent-based model of transitions to sustainability in deep sea shipping
Fan et al (2017) Study of real-time fuel consumption model for large bulk carrier
Hansson et al (2017) Assessment of the potential for selected alternative fuels for the maritime sector
Buckingham (2016) Geared Electric Propulsion
Walsh et al. (2016) Comparing the lifecycle emissions of marine fuels
Wu & Bucknall (2016) Power Marine Propulsion Using Battery Power
Allwright & Maclaine (2015) Commercial wind propulsion solutions: Putting the ‘sail’ back in sailing
Howett et al. (2015) The use of wind assist technology on two contrasting route case studies
Kesieme, Murphy & Pazouki (2015) U3 life cycle assessment of upstream pathways towards environmentally effective biofuels for shipping
Leites (2015) Fuel cell systems for seagoing ships
Lindstad (2015) Hydrogen the next maritime fuel
Raucci et al. (2015) Hydrogen on board ship: A first analysis of key parameters and implications
Taljegård et al. (2015) Electrofuels – A possibility for shipping in a low carbon future
Raucci et al. (2014) A framework to evaluate hydrogen as a fuel in international shipping
Sidhu et al. (2014) Towards Zero Emission Fishing
Grahn et al. (2013) Cost-effective choices of marine fuels under stringent CO2 targets
Raucci et al. (2013) Evaluating scenarios for alternative fuels in international shipping
Traut et al. (2013), Propulsive power contribution of a kite and a Flettner rotor on selected shipping routes, Applied Energy, 113, 362-372. Peer Reviewed Paper.
Whitelegg & Bucknall (2013) Electrical propulsion in the low carbon economy
Buckingham & Pearson (2017) Fishing Vessel Power & Propulsion Future Evolutions
Farrier et al (2017) Opportunities and constraints of electrical energy storage systems in ships
Bochetti et al. (2016) CO2 emission monitoring and fault-detection based on real navigation data
Cui et al. (2016) Voyage Optimisation towards Energy Efficient Ship Operations
Fearnley & Fowler (2016) Green technology and payback through use of energy recovery
Howett, Turan & Day (2016) WASPP: Wind Assisted Ship Performance Prediction
Nikolopoulos & Boulougouris (2016) A holistic methodology for the driven simulation optimisation of the design large bulk carriers under uncertainty
Calleya, J. (2015) Ship impact model for technical assessment and selection of Carbon dioxide Reducing Technologies (CRTs). Peer Reviewed Paper.
Daskalakis, Chatzinikolaou & Ventikos (2015) Platform for assessing ship emissions from a life cycle perspective
Gilbert (2015) Technologies for the high seas: meeting the climate challenge – Carbon Management. Peer Reviewed Paper.
Gilbert, Wilson & Walsh (2015) Ship = CE2: Revisited
Calleya (2014) Ship Design Decision Support for a Carbon Dioxide Constrained Future PhD Thesis
de la Fuente & Greig (2013) Making shipping greener: ORC modelling under realistic operative conditions
Haji et al. (2013) Estimating the global container shipping network using data and models
High Seas (2013) A new ship on the horizon?
Murphy et al. (2013) Modelling ship emission factors and emission indices
Traut et al. (2013) Monitoring shipping emissions via AIS data? Certainly
Walsh & Bows (2012) Size matters: exploring the importance of vessel characteristics to inform estimates of shipping emissions, Applied Energy, 98, 128-137. Peer Reviewed Paper.
Coraddu et al (2017) A data driven approach for ship energy efficiency and maintenance
Lim et al (2017) Understanding approaches to vessel energy efficiency system
Bonello & Smith (2016) Estimating ship performance following energy efficiency interventions using in-service data
Rehmatulla et al. (2016) Investigating the energy efficiency gap in shipping
Banks & Armstrong (2015) Integrated approach to vessel energy efficiency
Schaumeier et al. (2015) Investigating shipping behaviour in emission control areas: A visual approach to data analysis
Agnolucci, Smith, & Rehmatulla (2014) Energy efficiency and time charter rates: Energy efficiency savings recovered by shipowners in the Panamax market, Transportation Research Part A, 66, 173 – 184. Peer Reviewed Paper.
Smith et al. (2013) Assessment of shipping’s efficiency using satellite AIS data
Smith, T. (2012) Technical energy efficiency, its interaction with optimal operating speeds and the implications for the management of shipping’s carbon emissions, Carbon Management, 3 (6), 589 – 600. Peer Reviewed Paper.